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高一英语易混词汇总结下

【作者:熊教员,编号17166 点击数:274 更新时间:2020-08-22

50. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.


51. in class, in the class in class在课上, in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.


52. on fire, on the fire on fire着火, on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.


53. out of question, out of the question out of question毫无疑问的, out of the question不可能的


54. a second, the second a second又一,再一, the second第…… He won the second prize.


55. by day, by the day by day白天, by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.


56. the people, a people the people指人, a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.


57. it, one it同一物体, one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.


58. that, this that指代上文所提到的, this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…


59. none, nothing, no one none强调有多少, nothing, no one强调有没有, nothing指物, no one指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.


60. anyone, any one anyone指人,不能接of, any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you


61. who, what who指姓名或关系, what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.


62. what, which what的选择基础是无限制的, which在一定范围内进行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?


63. other, another other后接名词复数, another后接名词单数 other students, another student


64. not a little, not a bit not a little非常, not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。



65. many, much, a lot of many和可数名词连用, much和不可数名词连用, a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.


66. much more…than, many more…than much more... than 后接形容词或不可数名词, many more... than 后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful


67. no, not no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water


68. no more than, not more than no more than 相当于only,仅仅,只有, not more than 至多,不超过


69. majority, most majority 只能修饰可数名词, most 可数不可数均可 the majority of people


70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself by oneself 单独的,独自的, for oneself 为自己, to oneself 供自己用的, of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.


71. at all, after all at all 根本,全然, after all 到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.


72. tall, high tall 常指人或动物, high 常指物体 He is tall.


73. fast, quickly fast 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点, quickly 侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly


74. high, highly high 具体的高, highly 抽象的高,高度的 think highly of


75. healthy, healthful healthy 健康的,健壮的, healthful 有益于健康的 healthful exercise


76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy sleeping 正在睡觉, asleep 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语, sleepy 困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.


77. gold, golden gold 指真金制品, golden 指金色的, 但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring


78. most, mostly most 用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very, 当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词, mostly 大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…


79. just, very just 表强调时是副词,作状语, very 表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man


80. wide, broad wide 侧重于一边到另一边的距离, broad 侧重于幅面的宽广broad shoulders


81. real, true real 真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的, true 真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story


82. respectful, respectable respectful 尊敬,有礼貌, respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的  be respectful to the aged


83. outwards, outward 二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面, outward还可用作形容词 an outward voyage


84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant 常用作定语,pleased 主语常为人 pleased, pleasing 常用作表语,pleasing 主语常为物 a pleasant trip;   The trip is pleasing.


85. understanding, understandable understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的, understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake


86. close, closely close 接近,靠近, closely 紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close


87. ill, sick ill做表语,sick定、表均可 a sick boy


88. good, well good 形容词, well 副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again.


89. quiet, silent, still quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音, silent 不发出声音,但可以动, still 完全不动,完全无声响 He stands there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。


90. hard, hardly hard 努力, work hard hardly 几乎不, I can hardly believe it.


91. able, capable able与不定式to do连用, capable与of连用  He is capable of doing...


92. almost, nearly 二者均为“几乎,差不多” 和否定词连用用almost:almost nobody


93. late, lately late 迟,晚, lately 最近,近来  I haven't seen him lately.


94. living, alive, live, lively living, alive, live均为活着的, living 定表均可, alive 定表均可,定语后置,all the living people=all the people alive live 只能做定语, lively 意为活波的


95. excited, exciting excited 使人兴奋的, I'm excited. exciting 令人兴奋的, The news is exciting.


96. deep, deeply deep 具体的深, dig deep deeply 抽象的深,深深地  deeply moved


97. aloud, loud aloud 出声地, loud 大声地 read aloud 出声地读


98. worth, worthy 二者均为值得,worth后接doing, worthy后接to be done, of being done It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.


99. bad, badly bad 形容词,go bad badly 副词,不好,但与need, want, require连用为“很,非常” I need the book badly.


100. before long, long beforebefore long 不久以后,long before 很久以前  not long before = before long


101. quite, ratherquite 完全地,相当于completely, rather 修饰比较级 quite impossible


102. happy, gladhappy 高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad 高兴,只能做表语  a happy girl


103. instead, instead ofinstead 是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of 是介词短语,放在句中He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.


104. too much, much tootoo much 后接不可数名词,much too 后接形容词 much too heavy


105. be about to, be going to, be to dobe about to 表最近的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do 侧重意志,计划,安排I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思)


106. raise, riseraise 及物动词,可以直接接宾语rise 不及物动词 The sun rises in the east.


107. bring, take, carry, fetchbring 拿来,take 带走,carry 随身携带,fetch 去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chocolate


108. spend, take, pay, costspend 人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take 物做主语,花时间;pay人 做主语,花钱,pay for;cost 物做主语,花钱


109. join, join in, take part injoin 加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in 参加小型的活动, join sb. in doing;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago.


110. learn, studylearn 学习,侧重学习的结果,study 学习,侧重学习的过程,研究 study the problem


111. want, hope, wishwant 打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do,hope 希望(通常可以实现),hope to do/ hope that…wish 希望(通常不能实现),wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n.,I wish you success.


112. discover, invent, find outdiscover 发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent 发明本来不存在的物体,find out 发现,查明 At last he found out the truth.


113. answer, replyanswer r及物动词,reply 不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter


114. leave, leave forleave 离开,leave for 前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.


115. rob, stealrob 抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal 偷 steal sth. from sb.


116. shoot, shoot atshoot 射死,shoot at 瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died.


117. drop, falldrop 及物不及物均可,He dropped his voice.fall 不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped.


118. search, search forsearch 后接地点search for 后接东西 He searched his pocket for money.


119. used to, be used toused to 过去常常,be used to 习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;He is used to getting up earlybe used to do 被用来做……,


120. win, lose, beatwin 后接sth.,反义词为lose, win the game,beat 后接sb. beat them


121. live on, live bylive on 以……为主食,live by 靠……谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing


122. beat, hit, strikebeat 连续性地击打;hit 打中,对准打;strike 打一下或若干下 beat the wings


123. meet, meet withmeet 遇到,meet with 体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident


124. lose, misslose 失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过 sth. is missing, miss the chance


125. be tired of, be tired with/frombe tired of 厌烦……,be tired with/from 因为……而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters


126. care about, care forcare about 关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for 关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care formovies.


127. catch a cold, have a coldcatch a cold不能和表示“一段时间”的状语连用,而have a cold可以She has had a cold for a week.


128. change for, change intochange for 调换成, Change the shirt for a bigger one.change into 变成, Water changes into ice.


129. continue, last     二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,The story is to be continued.last只能用主动, The war continued/lasted five years.


130. feed, raisefeed 喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise 饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family

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